12 years at the School Desk
Currently, there is a certain international standard for secondary comprehensive education worldwide that is intended for 12-year school. This standard has been accepted in USA, Canada, Japan, Sweden, and France. In Germany, Czech Republic, Italy, Switzerland it is 13 years, and in the Netherlands – 14 years.
The purpose of 12-year education is to bring up a personality, a human that has his (her) own world-view, own concept of good and evil, own attitude to world. But personality is not inborn, and a human becomes personality during lifetime, as a result of upbringing and self-upbringing. One can speak of personality, if a person is conscious of his/her being unique, and implements the future on his/her own so that to realize his/her capabilities as completely as possible. With a view to formation and development of well-educated, creative, competent and competitive personality, capable of living in dynamically developing environment and ready for self-actualization, both in personal interests and for the sake of society, Concept for 12-year secondary comprehensive education in the Republic of Kazakhstan was developed.
Implementation of Program for Activities for 2005 to 2008 in Terms of National Experiment on Improvement of Secondary Comprehensive Education Structure & Contents is in progress. While in 2003-2004 training year, 52 comprehensive schools were involved in the experiment, in 2004-2005 they were as many as 104, including rural – 45, urban – 59. There are already positive Data for experimental organizations for approbation of 12-year education model.
12-year education will include 3 stages. At the 1st, primary stage (1st to 4th grades), teachers will pay special attention to uncovering the children’s personality, inculcating both willingness to learn and skills in this. 2nd stage (5th to 10th grades) will provide fundamental knowledge, generate integral world-view, teach to culture of intercommunication, and help acquire methods for scientific cognition and theoretical thought. And, finally, 3d stage (11 to12 grades) will become a base for cognizant and responsible choosing of schoolchildren’s future professional occupation and their life self-determination.
Of course, there are still a number of issues that require further elaborating and correcting, e.g., defining the basics for methodology and theory of 12-year education contents; doing fundamental and applied research on problems of migration to 12-year education, etc. Such tasks are to be fulfilled by the institution that has been established for this particular purpose, The Republican Research-Practice Center for 12-year Education Issues” under Ministry of Education Science, the Republic of Kazakhstan.
Single National Test
In 2004, a new model for conducting school finals and university entry exams was introduced, Single National Test (SNT). Under the Rules on Organizing and Conducting Single National Test, SNT provides for integrating the state final attestation of schoolchildren finishing 11/12 grades and entry exams to professional higher education institutions. Secondary education institutions acknowledge the SNT results as state (final) attestation ones, while higher education/secondary professional institutions accept them as entry exam results. SNT Centers are located nationwide.
SNT is conducted on four disciplines: three mandatory ones: Kazakh/Russian language (language of teaching), Mathematics, History of Kazakhstan; and one optional discipline that is major one to enter this or that department. SNT results are assessed under 120-score system for contest commission; and under five-score system – for getting a certificate of secondary comprehensive education. The State Commission transforms scores into marks in accordance with Scale for transforming scores in SNT certificate into marks in Certificate of Secondary Education, which is set by Ministry.
Along with SNT, in schools providing primary and secondary comprehensive education, there is an intermediate state control (ISC) at primary (4th grade) and basic (9th grade) stages of secondary comprehensive education. The procedure for conducting such control is regulated by Rules on Conducting Intermediate State Control in Education Institutions in the Republic of Kazakhstan. ISC helps assess the schoolchildren’s achievements, and efficiency of training process organization, as well as work out recommendations on improvement of state mandatory standards for education and make comparative analysis of education services quality.
For the First Time to the First Grade
If your child is 6 years old, it is time for him (her) to get to know first happy moments of school lifetime. Parents are free to select school at their own discretion. Note that when being enrolled in the first grade, a child is not required to know letters, or how to write, since teaching to read and write is primary school’s main objective.
If, to be enrolled in the first grade, your child should take tests, don’t be scared. The kid will not be required speedy reading, or any other complicated things. Such tests are intended to determine a child’s being psychologically ready for learning at school, and his (her) intellectual and sensorial-movements abilities. According to Methodical Recommendations on Enrollment and Teaching Children in First Experimental Class with 12-year school, 2005 – 2006, tests should not include any material from curriculums.
For a child to be enrolled in school, the following documents are required:
1 Application signed by parents /persons substituting the parents
2 A duplicate of child’s Birth Certificate;
3 Health card (Form № 026 – V);
4 Certificate of residence;
5 2 photos, size 3Х4
Secondary education stages
School not only provides necessary knowledge, but it also teaches a child how to behave, communicate, sympathize, make friends, etc. Under the Law of the RK “On Education”, every citizen is obliged to get secondary education. About 8 thousand schools in our state perform honorable function of formation of personality.
Secondary education is traditionally divided into three stages:
1 Primary (1st to 4th grades);
2 Basic (5th to 9th grades);
3 Senior (10th to 11th (12th) grades).
In Kazakhstan, in addition to comprehensive schools, there are schools with intensive teaching to certain disciplines; lyceums and gymnasiums. The number of schools with intensive teaching to various disciplines is currently more than one thousand. Intensive training in several disciplines enables teenagers to acquire more profound knowledge and wider area of thought.
For the disabled children, there are special correctional education institutions. To create and develop social-economic trends in correctional pedagogy, research-methodological and technology provision to special organizations, research activities in special education area, National Science-Practice Center for Correctional Pedagogy was established.
Schoolchildren are entitled to be supplied with textbooks, methodology complexes and training manuals in compliance with the order set by the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan. It is pretty difficult to combine rapidly changing reality and fundamental knowledge that has been accumulated for centuries. Consequently, every year, new teaching literature is being published in accordance with Recommendations on Development of Teaching Literature for Education Organizations in the Republic of Kazakhstan approved by Ministry of Education & Science’s Order. Control of training literature quality is enabled through arranging the expertise. The textbooks expertise is performed by a team of experts that are registered according to Rules to Create Experts Database.
Let Them Teach Me…
Basics for success in growing citizens’ professional evolution might be provided by a secondary professional educational institution< List of primary & secondary professional education institutions in the Republic of Kazakhstan contains dozens of professions and qualifications.
One could enter a primary & secondary professional education institution through competitive examination. Documents required to be submitted by a person applying for enrollment are as follows:
2 Original of education document;
3 Health certificate according to Form N 086-У (for the I and II group disabled and the disabled since childhood, it must be medical/social commission’s opinion);
4 4 photos 3х4 size;
5 Those finished comprehensive schools in current year should submit certificate of Single National Test or complex test certificate;
6 Identity documents (ID card, passport or certificate of birth).
The procedure for enrollment is regulated by Typical Regulations on enrollment in secondary professional education institutions in the Republic of Kazakhstan.
International Grant of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan
“Bolashak” grant in paid from the republican budget and involves all kinds of educational spending payment, exit and entry visas procurement, living, food, training literature and transportation payments. The grant is awarded according to the results of two tours. The first tour includes testing and language fluency interview and psychological testing.
The foreign expert commission decision on language fluency includes:
1 Foreign language fluency estimation including language fluency level for studying at foreign universities with/without further language training;
2 The estimation of background total level, the level matching requirements, lodged by foreign universities;
3 The recommendations from the inviting country for necessary standard exams;
4 Positive and negative results on each candidate generalization and execution.
The psychological testing defines:
1 IQ level;
2 Communicatory qualities;
3 Emotional and characterful qualities (emotional stability, self-check level, discipline, norm commitment, conservatism, revolutionism).
The labor body explores applicants personal files for bachelor degree or high trade education, conducts personal meetings and offers proposals to the Republican commission approval for the second tour. The Republican commission on abroad staff training conducts the second tour according to the personal files exploration, recommends a list of candidates for “Bolashak” grant in accord with the Republic of Kazakhstan specialists requirement.
“Bolashak” international grant award can participate:
1 Kazakhstan citizens, finishing general secondary education schools; primary and secondary trade education organizations graduates; Kazakhstan universities students;
2 Persons with certificate of secondary general education with grade point average more than 4,5 points;
3 Persons, who passed United National Testing or graduates complex testing with more than 90 points result.
1 Substantiation claim;
2 Completed application;
3 Notarized certificate of secondary general education and/or primary and secondary trade education diploma;
4 Notarized copy of UNT passing or graduates complex testing certificate;
5 Reference letter signed by the head of institution;
6 Copies of achievement letters, certificates, diplomas and other alike documents if available;
7 Set form medical certificate.
High trade education, bachelor degree award holders will be allowed for foreign language one or two semestral training. According to the Republican commission decision for “Bolashak” grant account.
Transferring / Re-enrollment
The existing education system in the RK provides for transferring / re-enrolling the students in terms of Regulations on Procedure for Re-enrollment and Transferring the Students within Educational Institutions Delivering Higher Professional Education.
Key aspects of student transferring / re-enrollment:
1 Transfer of first year students from one specialty to another, from one form of training to another is prohibited
2 There can be no re-enrollment for the students expulsed from first year for non-passing the exams, or for violation of rules of in-house procedure
3 First year students are entitled to be transferred from one institution to another after having successfully passed the winter examination session.
4 Application by a student being trained under full-time attendance/distance education asking for re-enrollment or transfer shall be considered by the education institution principal during summer or winter vacations.
5 Application by a student being trained under distance education asking for re-enrollment or transfer shall be considered by the education institution principal prior to commencement of training during regular examination session.
Procedure for re-enrollment the students in educational organizations:
1 A person expulsed from higher professional education institution, has the right to be re-enrolled, via Order by educational institution principal, to any form of training, if not more than 10 years have passed since the expulsion.
2 Re-enrollment shall be only done for payable training to the appropriate training year. Alongside with this, the discrepancies in curriculums must not exceed 5 compulsory training disciplines, otherwise the student shall be re-enrolled a year lower.
3 Discrepancy in curriculums shall be determined by the faculty dean. Procedure and deadlines for elimination of curriculums’ discrepancies shall be determined by Dean’s order. Deadlines for elimination of discrepancies shall be limited by commencement of next examination session.
4 Application on re-enrollment must be accompanied by original of academic record.
5 Students being trained on payable basis and having been expulsed during the term for not paying or debt are entitled to re-enrollment on the date following the payment/debt repayment for training.
6 In case if a student is re-enrolled in another educational institution, the principal of the previous institution, based on written request from the accepting party, shall send that student’s personal file, retaining the duplicate of that student’s academic record, academic card, grade book, student ID and list of documents being sent.
On transfer of the educational institutions’ students:
1 Students are entitled to be transferred from one educational institution to another, from one specialty to another or from one form of training to another, from non-public institution to public one. Discrepancy in curriculums should not exceed 5 compulsory disciplines.
2 A student is entitled to be transferred from one educational institution to another or from one form of training to another, depending on his training conditions.
3 Transfer of a student from one specialty to another or from non-public institution to public one, except for the students who study in non-public institutions under public educational grants and loans, shall be only done to payable subdivision on condition that all costs are paid for further training.
4 Transfer of students who are trained under payment agreement, from one educational institution to another, or from one specialty/form of training to another, shall be accompanied by appropriate amendments in the agreement.
5 Transfer is only allowed to students/masters who do well in all disciplines
6 Transfer of students from one educational institution to another under all forms of training is performed on both institutions’ principals’ consent, and the appropriate Orders are issued.
7 A student who wishes to be transferred to another educational institution submits an application addressed to his present institution’s principal and, having obtained the sealed written consent, applies to the principal of institution he is interested in.
To the application addressed to the accepting institution principal, the following must be attached: extract from the student’s grade book/duplicate of academic card endorsed by Head of training division (training-methodic division or authority), Dean of the faculty and sealed, as well as a duplicate of higher educational institution’s license to conduct educational activity on the given specialty.
If the decision is positive on transferring, the accepting institution’s principal shall issue Order on permitting him to study and to take exams to eliminate discrepancy in curriculum. Simultaneously, written request is sent to the student’s previous educational institution asking to send his personal file.
Once such request has been received, the student’s previous educational institution’s principal issues the Order on expulsing him formulated as “expulsed due to transferring to [name of educational institution]”, and within a week the student’s personal file is sent to the accepting party’s address, based on the request letter.
The previous institution retains duplicates of academic record, academic card, grade book, student ID and list of documents being sent.
8 Order on enrollment of the student in the educational institution shall be issued after his personal file has been received. If the personal file does not arrive until the commencement of regular examination session, then the Order on permitting him to study and to take exams to eliminate discrepancy shall be revoked.
State Grant is the document given by Ministry of Education & Science that entitles its holder for free-of-charge training to the selected specialty.
The right to get the state educational grant is conferred to the RK citizens; ethnic Kazakhs being other states’ citizens; foreign states’ citizens and stateless persons that are domiciled in the RK, as well as citizens of Russian Federation, Republic Belarus, Republic Tajikistan and Kyrgyz Republic who have secondary comprehensive/professional education.
Ministry of Education & Science awards grants on a contest basis on specified specialties and language divisions, within the established government order.
What should applicant do to take part in contest for awarding grants:
1 Select specialty and the higher educational institution where government educational grants are allocated for this specialty.
2 Submit the required documents to regional admission board on the selected specialty
Documents required taking part in contest:
1 Application on a special form
2 Document of education (original)
3 State Certificate,
4 Document that gives the right for privileges
5 Two photos, size 3х4
6 Health certificate, form 086-У
7 Duplicate of ID card
Applications for participation in contest for government educational grants are accepted 22 to 31 July.
The below persons shall have privileges for government educational grants:
1 School leavers awarded “Altyn Belgi” Plaque;
2 Winners in international Olympiads and scientific competitions on comprehensive school disciplines (awarded diplomas of I, II, III grades);
3 Winners in national & international contests in Art and in sports competitions (awarded diplomas of I, II, III grades) during recent three years;
4 Winners in current year national Olympiads and scientific competitions on comprehensive school disciplines, provided that their selected specialty complies with the Olympiad, scientific competition, contest or sports competition’s discipline where they have been winners.
Citizens who won government educational grants shall be issued certificates of a standard pattern. Lists of such certificate holders shall be published in mass media.
Certificates of being awarded government educational grants, along with documents that have been submitted to the admission board, shall be handed to those persons not later than August 15.
Applying for University
Higher education institutions in the Republic of Kazakhstan accept Kazakhstan residents, foreigners and non-residents with secondary comprehensive, primary professional, secondary professional and higher professional educations.
Enrollment is performed by admission board on contest basis, in accordance with scores in State Certificate issued under the results of Single National Test (SNT) or Complex Test, separately against specialties and language divisions.
SNT is an outcome form of controlling the school leavers’ knowledge integrating the state final attestation of school leavers and entry exams to colleges and Higher Education Institutions.
Complex test is conducted for secondary school leavers of previous years; primary & secondary professional school leavers; school leavers that were taught abroad, under international exchange of schoolchildren; secondary school leavers with Uzbek, Uygur, and Tadjik languages of teaching who did not participate in SNT; public musical boarding-schools leavers; current year participants in international Olympiads on comprehensive school disciplines; as well as foreigners who have finished schools abroad.
Documents required when entering higher education institution:
2 Original of document confirming secondary comprehensive, primary professional, secondary professional or higher professional education
3 6 photos, size 3х4
4 Health certificate according to Form 086-У,
5 State Certificate,
6 Certificate of government educational grant (if any).
Minimum scores required for enrollment is 50.
Master’s Course / PhD Doctorate
State Program for Education Development in the Republic of Kazakhstan provides for step-by-step transformation of Post Graduate Course and conventional Doctorate into PhD Doctorate, admiration to two-tier system of training (Master’s Course-Doctorate) and to credit system of education.
Credit system of education – in terms of Bologna process (in higher and post-higher education, conditions are being created for Kazakhstan to join Bologna process), single system is spreading of transfer and accumulation of loans intended for students exchange between higher education institutions. They enable making a student’s training plan transparent and determine which disciplines he studied better. Accumulative credit systems, besides this, enable accumulating loans for a long time, which is particularly important with regard to permanent training concept development.
Master’s Course is a higher professional education confirmed by conferring “Master” qualification (degree) to a person who has successfully passed the final attestation.
Master is a university graduate whose characteristic features are: deepened fundamental knowledge, broad scope and high skills in independent scientific research, in solving complicated applied tasks, as well as teaching activity in a higher educational institution.
Requirements for enrollment in Master’s Course:
1 Citizens having higher professional, higher science-pedagogical education, holders of bachelor’s degree shall be enrolled in Master’s Course;
2 Those having total rating score for overall period of training at previous grades lower than 4,0 (under 5-score scale) shall not be allowed to be enrolled in Master’s Course on government order.
Procedure for entry exams to Master’s Course:
1 Applicants shall attach to their applications to the Admission Board: a document of higher professional education (original); 6 photos size 3×4; health certificate on form 086-У;
2 Applicants for Master’s Course shall take entry exams on foreign language and on a special discipline. Foreign language exam is conducted as a test at centers that are established by government agency for education. Admission boards in higher educational institutions conduct exam on special discipline, within the scope of previous grade of higher professional education;
3 Re-taking exams is prohibited.
Full transformation of Post-Graduate Course into PhD Doctorate is to be completed by 2010 г. Duration of training under PhD Doctorate programs will be at least 3 years.
Basic peculiarities of PhD Doctorate are as follows:
1 Provision of optimal balance between training and research activity;
2 Acquisition of broad scientific, educational, and methodological training;
3 Ensuring academic mobility of the nation’s teachers and research workers.
Upon completing the science research work (dissertation) and publicly defending it, PhD degree is conferred.
Since 2005, enrollment in PhD Doctorate is provided by Eurasian National University named after L.N. Gumilyov and Kazakh National University named after Al-Farabi.
Competitorship is a form of working at dissertation of specialists attached to higher education institutions or research organizations without being enrolled in Doctorate or Post-Graduate Course.
Competitors are attached for writing a Candidate dissertation for a period not exceeding three years, and Doctor dissertation – four years.
Conditions and order of work of competitor for Candidate degree:
1 Competitors for Candidate degree working at dissertations outside Post-Graduate Course can be persons with higher professional education or higher research/pedagogy education.
2 Competitors are attached to higher education institutions and research organizations that have Post-Graduate Course on appropriate specialties.
3 it is forbidden to be competitor simultaneously at several HEIs or research organizations.
4 Persons whose competitorship period has expired can not be re-attached, and those who used that period partly may be attached for its left part.
5 Persons who have completed Post-Graduate Course may not be competitors.
6 To be attached to a HEI/research organization, competitor submits:
- Application addressed to the principal;
- List of published scientific and methodic papers;
- Notarized duplicate of diploma, and attachment to diploma
- Individual record-sheet for personnel inventory;
- Detailed plan of dissertation;
- Extract from the Chair meeting minutes;
- Extract from the Faculty meeting minutes.
7 HEI/research organization principal, on the basis of competitor’s interview with the proposed adviser, and of the relevant chair, faculty, and Science-Technical Council’s opinions, shall issue Order on attachment of the competitor where duration is specified, as well as name of the approved adviser;
8 Organization’s Academic Council shall approve the adviser, who, as a rule, is and Doctor or Candidate of Science, and has a permission from Committee for Supervision & Attestation in Education & Science to be independent advisor;
9 Competitors work under individual plan, periodically report on their progress and are annually appraised by the HEI chair and faculty;
10 Competitors who have not fulfilled their individual plan are subject to disenrollment.
11 Competitors, during the attachment period, must:
– fully fulfill the individual plan, and master the research methodology;
– pass the curriculum’s current and candidate exams on relevant disciplines;
– submit the research results on topical subject as candidate dissertation, basics of which must be published in appropriate publications, their size not less than 1 printer’s sheet;
– pass through preliminary defense.
12 Organization, recording and control of competitors’ work are performed by Authority for Post Higher Education;
13 Advisors are paid for consultation: not more than 25 hours per year for each competitor during the period of attachment.
Post-Graduate Course / Doctorate
When entering post-graduate course, young scientists encounter lots of problems. Those problems relate largely to the post-graduates’ not having clear understanding of what they are to be occupied with for the next 3 years. Psychologically, they are still students accustomed to undergraduate system, i.e. attending lectures and labs; systems of exams and tests.
Post-graduate course, however, is a stand-alone form of getting an education, targeted at learning how to make research work. A post-graduate should independently determine research area he is interested in (or just a topical one), select the research subject, study literature related to that subject, arrange an experiment, obtain and treat data, compare results with those already existing in the science, and draw conclusions. Essentially, a dissertation resembles a properly performed term paper or thesis, but should contain more scientific innovation and practical/theoretical value. Writing and defending a Candidate dissertation is a logical final of post-graduate course. A post-graduate who has written and defended a dissertation is considered to have successfully completed the course.
Requirements to Applicants for Post-Graduate Course:
1 Citizens that have higher professional education or scientific-pedagogical education and certain academic achievement can apply for Post-Graduate Course;
2 Enrollment of applicants to be taught under public educational order at Post-Graduate Course is performed on a contest basis, according to entrance exams results;
3 Applicants shall take entrance testing on one of Foreign Languages, History of Philosophy & Sciences withi9n the scope of curriculums established for higher education institutions graduates.
List of Documents Required to Apply for Post-Graduate Course:
1 Application addressed to principal;
2 Duplicate of Diploma and attachment to it containing marks;
3 Individual record sheet for personnel inventory and duplicate of employment history book (required from those employed);
4 List of scientific & methodic papers;
5 Health certificate, Form 086-У
6 Reference letter from organization – in case of applying to a different higher education institution or research organization;
7 Letter that guarantees that contract shall be concluded and costs paid – for persons that shall pay for the course.
Doctorate is a form of training academic and research human resources of top proficiency. On a contest basis, persons can apply for Doctorate, that have Candidate of Science Diplomas, scientific achievements in relevant area; and that have demonstrated ability to conduct the highest scientific level researches – both fundamental and applied ones, and to address major scientific problems. Applicants for Doctorate shall take an entrance test on one of the foreign languages within the curriculum established for those who completed Post-Graduate Course. An admission board shall give the oral exam on main discipline, within a candidate minimum for the given specialty.
List of Documents Required When Applying for Doctorate:
1 Application addressed to organization’s principal;
2 The recommending Academic Council’s Resolution;
3 Duplicates of higher education diploma and Candidate of Sciences diploma;
4 List of scientific-methodic papers;
5 Detailed plan of Doctor dissertation;
6 Health certificate, form 086-У;
7 Individual record sheet for personnel inventory and duplicate of employment history book;
8 Reference letter from organization – in case of applying to a different higher education institution or research organization;
9 Letter that guarantees that contract shall be concluded and costs paid – for persons that shall pay for the course.
Upon successful defending the dissertation, a person is awarded Doctor’s degree.
The Order by Ministry of Education & Science, Republic of Kazakhstan of 16 March 2001 defines the list of specialties in post-graduate course, Master’s course, and Doctorate in Higher Educational Institutions in Kazakhstan.
The distant education is performed by 6 higher education institutions in experiment order for 5 years under the decree of the Minister of education and science of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 10th April, 2001 and Republic council’s decision on experimental programs:
1 Kazakh National Technical University named after K.Satpaev; reference
2 Karaganda State Technical university;
3 East-Kazakhstan State technical university named after D.Serikbaev;
4 North-Kazakhstan state university named after M.Kozybaev;
5 Aktau state university named after Sh Esenov;
6 Atyrau oil and gas institute;